91. Habichuela con dulce (sweet bean porridge)



Habichuela con dulce is a national sweet and velvety bean porridge from the Dominican Republic. It can be eaten warm or cold. Either way is delicious!

Porridge is a dish made by boiling mashed or crushed grains in milk or water, then gently simmered until it is cooked. Other flavorings are added to make it sweet (sugar or honey) or savory (spices or vegetables).  The word “porridge” originates from Scotland.

Habichuela con dulce can be translated as:

  • candied beans
  • sweet bean porridge
  • sweet creamed beans

Known porridge around the world:

  • atole
  • avena
  • congee
  • cream of wheat
  • farina
  • grit
  • juk
  • kasha
  • mazamorra
  • mush
  • oatmeal
  • pastel de choclo
  • polenta

During the mid-19th Century, Asians immigrated to the Dominican Republic as laborers and contract workers. The 1840s Coolie Trade, brought some of the Chinese laborers into Dominican Republic as slaves.

As they settled into the land, introduction to the dish, have been adjusted using local ingredients from the region.

  • sweet potato from the Tainos
  • spices from Spain
  • Coconut milk from the African slaves

Habichuela con dulce can be traced back to Korea’s 1400s Joseon Dynasty, as a sweet and velvety smooth liquid dessert known as “danpatjuk”, made with mashed adzuki (small red bean). The adzuki originates from Japan.


  • “dan” means sweet
  • “pat” means small
  • “juk” means grain (bean, rice or sesame) porridge

Placing “dan” in front of “patjuk” identify it as a sweet red bean porridge.


danpatjuk (Korean adzuki porridge)

Habichuela con dulce is traditionally made with

  • red beans
  • sugar
  • cinnamon
  • milk
  • raisin

According to Asian traditional medicine of their time, adzuki beans had healing properties for kidney, bladder and reproductive function. To the Koreans, the red color of the beans was considered to emit positive energy that drives away evil spirits.

In the Dominican Republic, adzuki bean was not available. Hence, it was substituted with the easily accessible red kidney beans, that originated from Peru.

Eating hot habichuela con dulce has a silky smooth thin texture.

Eating cold habichuela con dulce has a thicker texture and a sweeter taste.



habichuela con dulce (Dominican sweet bean porridge)


90. frijoles negro (authentic Cuban style black beans)



A few years ago, I shared how to make Cuban black beans (enhanced version).

This time around, I decided to share how to make authentic Cuban style black beans, which is made with the following 5 basic ingredients:

  • black beans
  • salt
  • pepper
  • cumin
  • vinegar

I kept the method to cooking the black beans, as simple as possible, by using the traditional ingredients, and keeping it vegetarian (with no meat).

A classic ingredient added to Cuban style black beans is acorn pumpkin or winter squash. If unavailable, another common ingredient that can be substituted for the pumpkin is sweet potato, or yam.

Although I kept it vegetarian for the video, many times I have made it with dense protein, such as, adding Spanish chorizo. another alternative is Spanish sausage known as salchichon.

For authentic Cuban style black beans, vinegar is one of the core ingredient added. I add 1 Tablespoon worth, and add wine to enhance the taste as it simmer. The vinegar and wine complement one another. Yet, it need a very small amount of sugar to counterbalance the reaction of the acidity to neutralize it. The sugar help provide a pleasantly enhanced flavor to maintain its savoriness and not create any hint of sweetness.

The best advice I can share is, begin with the very basic ingredients to make Cuban black beans. From there, and with time and experience, develop your own uniqueness by adding other ingredients you like to enhance the flavors to your Cuban black beans.

Black beans is usually served as an accompaniment side dish with white rice.


Cuban black beans with white rice, boniato, and stove-top grilled chicken breast

89. chocolate fudge brownie



A brownie is a cross between a soft cookie and rich cake. It can be cakey or fudge texture. A brownie may be enhanced by adding:

  • white and/or chocolate chips
  • nut
  • cherries, raspberries or apricot
  • coconut flakes
  • peanut butter
  • marshmallow
  • cream cheese
  • other type of ingredients

Brownies can be eaten as is, and typically by hand. It can also be served with ice cream or cut into small pieces and blended into ice cream. Brownies can also be topped with whipped cream.

The first known published recipe for brownie appeared in the 1896 “Boston Cooking-School Cook Book” by Fannie Farmer. It contained no chocolate and was basically a thick molasses cake. It read:


  • 1/3 cup butter
  • 1/3 cup powdered sugar
  • 1/3 cup Porto Rico molasses
  • 1 egg well beaten
  • 7/8 cup bread flour
  • 1 cup pecan meat cut in pieces

Mix ingredients in order given. Bake in small, shallow fancy cake tins, garnishing top of each cake with one-half pecan.”

In 1905, on page 34 of the Boston Daily Globe, it published Maria Willet Howard’s “Bangor Brownie” recipe. It consisted adding an extra egg and chocolate square (replacing the molasses). This provided a richer fudge dessert. The Bangor Brownie, got its name from Howard’s hometown of Bangor, Maine.

It read:

BANGOR BROWNIES.  Cream 1/2 cup butter, add 2 eggs, 1 cup sugar, 2 squares of chocolate (melted), 1/2 cup broken walnuts meats, 1/2 cup flour. Spread thin in buttered pans. Bake in moderate oven, and cut before cold”

The following year, in 1906, Fannie Farmer published her revised brownie in her “Boston Cooking-School Cook Book”. It was more cake-like, chocolatey and mild flavored. It was very similar to Maria Willet Howard’s brownie recipe, with the Bangor reference removed.

During the early 20th century, the brownie was known as either a Boston Brownie or Bangor Brownie, since both women took credit with creating this dessert.

The basic ingredients for a brownie are:

  • butter
  • chocolate
  • sugar
  • flour
  • eggs

In the video, I accidentally added the flour before the sugar to the batter. You actually see me hesitate for a second, realizing the mistake. I continued with the filming and rectify my error during the mixing process. It is highly recommended to add the sugar first to the melted butter and cocoa, then blend well to become creamy smooth before adding the flour. This prevents having a grainy texture that would require more mixing, afterwards. It is fixable if the sugar is added after the flour. It just it takes more time to combine into a creamy consistency.

I usually add walnut and coconut flakes to my brownie batter. For this recipe. I decided to make the brownie with only the basic ingredients.

chocolate fudge coconut brownies

I like my brownies to be extra fudgy and chocolatey. The amount of white and chocolate chips may vary. I prefer adding 2 Tablespoon each of white and semi-sweet chocolate chips. If you prefer, not to have such a fudgy textured brownie, adding only 1 Tablespoon each of the white and semi-sweet chocolate, is ok.

Another great option is eliminating the white chocolate chip and only adding 2 to 3 Tablespoon mini chocolate chip morsels.


chocolate fudge brownie

88. strawberry jam



Jam is known as fruits heated with sugar and pectin. Strawberry jam is a type of sweet fruit preserve.

The technique for my preserve is made using the conserve method. This means, the strawberries are stewed in sugar to create into a jam.

The process involves cutting the strawberries and coring it. Sugar is added and allow to macerate, to help draw out its juices. It is then cooked through various heating setting and timing to develop into a jam.

I use natural pectin to thicken the gelling agent, by adding an apple and lemon juice.

homemade strawberry jam

I like using my strawberry jam, as a spread on:

  • bread
  • crackers
  • toast
  • sandwich (such as peanut butter and jelly or cream cheese and jelly)

or as a topping for:

  • pancakes/waffles
  • cake filling
  • cheesecake
  • pie
  • yogurt
  • ice cream

I usually pick fresh strawberries to make my jam. When not in season, I use frozen strawberries. One of the best thing about frozen strawberries, it does not need to be cored. I thaw it out, and skip the entire procedure to cut in half and remove the core.

I like my strawberries in large chunks, not crushed or diced into small pieces. I tend to use an immersion blender within minutes after it has been thoroughly cooked. Mechanically, I used a potato masher to quickly smash the berries and apples to help break it down a bit so it can thicken. The immersion blender or potato masher are optional utensils. I do not utilize it every single time to make strawberry jam, only on rare occasions.

I have tried various type of sugars, such as Splenda, Stevia, Truvia, etc. Personally, using solely sugar substitutes, does not provide the taste and texture I expect. Using 1/2 granulated sugar and 1/2 sugar substitute works better. One of the best combo is  Splenda Sugar Blend. Unfortunately, I haven’t had much luck finding Splenda Sugar Blend commercially available within 40 miles of my shopping radius.

Strawberry jam does not have any cholesterol or fat contents. On a good note: during the cooking/heating process, the natural pectin of the apple and lemon gets modify, thus tends to help lower the risk of cancer.

Although strawberry jam is high in sugar, diabetics and person interested in losing weight, should eat strawberry jam with moderation.

Overall, strawberries are rich in:

  • fiber
  • vitamin A
  • vitamin C
  • antioxidants

Cooked apple does have some of it nutrients retained, although very small. It has:

  • phytonutrients that does help regulate blood sugar
  • antioxidant
  • decrease risk of asthma

When it comes to making homemade strawberry jam, I only use glass jar and heated in very hot water, by boiling or run under hot water. You can use plastic storage jars, I do not. I make sure the inside of the jar is dry before adding jam into it. Once the jam and jars are cooled down to room temperature, I store them in the refrigerator. The coldness allow it to thicken.

I prefer to eat my jam a few days after it has been in the refrigerator. It provides the desired consistency of flavor and texture I very much like.


homemade strawberry jam with challah bread

87. empanada dough



I have received many requests from my readers, if I can make a video on how to make Latin style empanada dough. I took for granted that ready-made dough disc would be easier to use, and similarly accessible to obtain. I did not take into consideration it would be a challenge to procure, even nonexistent in certain regions my followers are from, such as; Scandinavian countries, Scottish Highland, Manitoba Canada, or the Great Plains, Central Lowland and Midwestern sections of the United States.

Ready-made or prepared pie crust is not the same as an empanada dough in flavor or texture, since the ingredients are slightly different. I have rolled the ready-made pie crust to a thin dough disc, and was not satisfied with its result, once cooked into an empanda. Prepared pie dough is great for fried or baked sweet pastry type of individual size fritters. But, not for savory Latin style empanadas.

To record the recipe video on how to make empanada dough, efforts were made to include ingredients that are accessible globally. Vegetable shortening is available worldwide, although the name brand may be different.

  • USA – popular brands are “Crisco” and “Spectrum” (various chain stores carry their own brand name)
  • Britain – known as “White Flora”, “Trex” or “Cookeen”
  • Australia – known as “Copha”
  • France – vegetable shortening equivalent brand is known as “Vegetaline”, and made with coconut
  • Italy – vegetable shortening brand known as “Coop”
  • Finland – vegetable shortening is known as “paistorasva”

I like using chicken broth, either homemade or ready-made, as my liquid ingredient, instead of water.

The dough can be use for sweet or savory fillings.The empanadas (stuffed pie fritters) can be fried or baked, such as for:

  • beef empanada
  • pork empanada
  • chicken empanada
  • ham and cheese
  • hot apple pie
  • hot cherry pie

For hot apple pie, I flash fry it, then coat it in cinnamon sugar.

The hot cherry pie, I also flash fry it, then coat it with a glaze that becomes hardened icing.

I will create a video recipe blog for the fried hot apple/cherry pies, soon.

Whether sweet or savory, I bake my empanadas in a preheated 350 to 375 degrees oven.

After the dough has been filled and crimped, I coat it with an egg wash. It is then bake for 20 to 40 minutes. Whether fried or baked, with a meat or fruit filling, the empanadas have a thin crispy and flaky crust, with a tender and juicy filling.

fried apple pie (empanada dough crust; canned apple filling; cinnamon sugar-coating)

The basic tools to make the empanada dough is:

  • a floured surface
  • rolling-pin
  • a plate, bowl, saucer, opened tin can or biscuit cutter to shape dough into round disks
  • fork to crimp edges
  • knife, pizza cutter, pie cutter or crimper

Leftover dough can be reuse, flattened and reshaped into new dough disk.

It is very important to seal the dough edges securely to prevent leaking of filling, by pinching and crimping the seams. Sometimes, wetting the edge with water helps make a more secure seal.

Empanada is a type of food that can be eaten for breakfast, lunch, dinner, or as a snack or appetizer. With today’s technology, empanada dough is quick and easy to make with a food processor, and simple utensils.


homemade empanada dough with pork picadillo filling

86. pepperoni pizza (NY style)



My pizza techniques is inspired by the Neapolitano and New York style pizza.

I make it with 4 basic ingredients:

  • bread flour dough
  • marinara/pizza sauce
  • fontina cheese
  • sliced pepperoni topping

I usually create my own marinara sauce for the pizza. For this video, I forgo the homemade version that takes 2 to 3 hours to cook, and opted for the ready-made pizza sauce. I have tested many ready-made brands, and it taste just as good as the homemade ones. I wanted to keep the pizza making simple, time efficient, and straight to the point, without too many extra steps involved in its preparation.

UPDATE: I received many emails asking of all the ready-made pizza sauces available, if I have to choose only one, which would I considered as my favorite? If I have to choose only one ready-made, it would be – Prego Pizza Sauce, Pizzeria Style.

To make pizza, I use an 11″x17″ baking sheet. A round pizza pan or any type of non-stick low profile baking pan or cookie sheet can be use. Just make sure it is able to withstand extremely high heat, at least 500 degrees. If you have a small oven, the dough and other ingredients can be divided into 2 separate baking sheets or pans. You can cut the recipe in half to fit a smaller serving size pan.

Pizza will taste delicious whether it is plain with just cheese or enhanced with additional toppings. Mozzarella is the classic cheese of choice for pizza. Personally, I prefer fontina cheese. It has a creamy texture like the mozzarella, with a subtle sharper flavor, best described as a cross between a provolone and gruyere cheese. When added to pizza, it provides a slightly smoky edge to it. Although, fontina is an Italian cheese, the Swedish and Danish fontina cheeses are just as good.

The difference between the two are:

  • fontina is slightly aged cheese with a delicate tart flavor
  • mozzarella is fresh cheese with a very mild milky flavor

Toppings for pizza is based on the individual’s palate preference, such as:

  • meats – beef, chicken, ham, bacon, sausage, pork, pepperoni or lamb
  • seafood – anchovies, shrimp, clams, lobster, tuna, etc.
  • cheeses – ricotta,  mozzarella, fontina, provolone, provel, feta, etc.
  • vegetables – onion, pepper, mushroom, broccoli, bean sprout, spinach, etc.
  • fruits – black olives, tomato. eggplant, pineapple, etc.

For this recipe, I decided to use pepperoni slices, since it is the most popular item requested at any pizzeria. Pepperoni is an item that is readily available for purchase at the supermarket. It is also an ingredient that is quick and easy to add with no mess or need to measure. There is no limit as to how many pepperoni slices or other ingredients, you want to add.

add as many pepperoni slices, as you like before baking

My pizza making has influences from the Neapolitano style of pizza making. Also, it is my favorite type of pizza that I have been making since I was 12 years old. The Neapolitano consist of 3 main ingredients:

  • tomatoes
  • Mozzarella cheese
  • pizza dough

The dough is made with 4 basic ingredients:

  • wheat or high protein flour
  • yeast
  • salt
  • water

The Neapolitano pizza dough proofing (rising process) and kneading is traditionally done by hand. Once proofed, it is flattened and formed into a very thin layer with no assistance of a rolling-pin or other gadgets, only your hands. With the rack positioned to the lowest level in your oven, it is then baked at extremely high heat (500 degrees or highest temperature in your oven) to create a crispy bottom crust, while the toppings remain soft and chewy.

There are different type of pizza style across the United States:

New York Style – Neapolitano thin crust pizza made with a marinara sauce and mozzarella cheese.

my homemade NY style pepperoni pizza


Chicago Style – deep dish thick and chewy crust pizza made with a chunky marinara sauce and cheese. The dough has oil and/or butter as part of its ingredient to create a crisp, yet chewy type of crust.

California Style – nontraditional pizza that uses toppings such as:

  • barbecue, chipotle, pesto, creamy garlic, peanut sauces
  • crushed nuts
  • mayonnaise, mustard, etc.
  • goat, gorgonzola,  feta cheeses
  • Thai chicken, fruit-smoked pork (ie: apple bacon), strip steak, bacon cheeseburger, etc.
  • fruit and salad vegetables (lettuce, bean sprouts, zucchini, pineapple, etc)

Detroit Style – twice baked, thick crust deep dish square pizza (similar to a Sicilian pizza) topped with:

  • pepperoni
  • kalamata olives
  • mozzarella
  • marinara sauce

Hawaiian Style – thick crust pizza with:

  • mozzarella cheese
  • marinara sauce
  • pineapple
  • Canadian bacon, sliced ham or bacon

Ironically, Hawaiian pizza is not popular or widely known in Hawaii. It was created in Canada.

New Haven Style – thin chewy crust pizza (also known as “apizza”). It is made with:

  • pecorino romano cheese
  • olive oil
  • chopped garlic
  • little neck clams

New Haven Style pizza does not have any mozzarella cheese or marinara sauce.

St. Louis Style – thin crunchy crust pizza, similar in texture to a cracker and made with no yeast. It is topped with:

  • Provel processed cheese (a fusion of provolone, swiss and cheddar cheese)
  • marinara pizza sauce, heavily seasoned with oregano

I refrigerate any leftovers (if there are any). I reheat it using the midway level toaster setting of my toaster oven, I never reheat pizza in a microwave. I like the crust to remain crispy, not soft, when reheated.

homemade pepperoni pizza

85. homemade ketchup



Ketchup is a sweet and tangy tomato sauce that is use as a table condiment. It is made primarily with:

  • tomatoes (whether fresh, sauce or paste)
  • a sweetener (sugar and/or corn syrup)
  • vinegar

and spices, such as:

  • onion powder
  • garlic powder
  • ground cloves
  • ground cinnamon
  • celery powder
  • salt
  • allspice

It is popularly added on:

  • burgers
  • frankfurters
  • meatloaf
  • grilled meat
  • chicken nuggets
  • french fries or tater tots
  • onion rings
  • knish
  • rice
  • meat pies
  • tamales/pasteles
  • sandwich spread
  • eggs
  • certain salad dressing and dips
  • sauces

Corn syrup and ground clove are required ingredients to make my ketchup recipe. If these 2 were not added, that distinctive flavor would be missing from my taste buds. It is a must and personal preference, I just can’t do without it. I prefer whole cloves to make into freshly grounded cloves, using a coffee grinder.

For me, sugar is one of the basic ingredients to make ketchup. To keep the amount of carbohydrates low, Splenda is my personal choice as a sugar substitute. Other sugar substitutes that can be added are: Stevia, Truvia, Ideal Sweetener, Xylitol, etc.

SofritoGirl’s ketchup ingredients (ground cloves not shown)

I like using ketchup as an ingredients to combine and create other food. Such as:

  • salad dressing (ie: thousand island, french dressing)
  • dipping sauce (ie: onion ring sauce, cocktail sauce)
  • flavorful condiment, (ie: remoulade)
  • cooking sauces (ie: barbeque sauce, , enchilado, sweet & sauce)

homemade ketchup

Ketchup originate from China, dating thousands of years, and was known as “ke-chiap”, a pickled fish sauce. It was made using anchovies, mushroom, kidney beans, and spices.

The British during their 17th century trading expedition, returned to England with the recipe on how to make ke-chiap. It was renamed in English as catchup, later to ketchup.

Europeans were first made aware of ketchup, in 1690 by Charles Lockyer, when mentioned as an entry in the “Canting Crew” printing.

The first ketchup recipe was published in 1727 by Elizabeth Smith in her book “The Compleat Housewife”. The ingredients included:

  • anchovies
  • shallots
  • vinegar
  • spices (cloves, ground ginger, mace, nutmeg, black pepper)
  • lemon peel

Circa late 18th century (approximately 70 years later), the New World (North America) colonists in New England added tomatoes to provide a tangy flavor, and what we know today as ketchup.

The first documented recipe for tomato ketchup was printed in 1801 in the USA, for a cookbook known as “Sugar House Book” by Sandy Addison. Her recipe called for riped tomatoes that are squeezed, then boiled for 2 hours with salt, while stirred constantly . Once hot, it is sieved, and 7 different spices were added for flavor:

  • allspice
  • black pepper
  • cinnamon
  • cloves
  • ginger
  • mace
  • nutmeg

It is boiled again until thick, while continually stirring. Once cooked to a thick consistency, it is cooled, then pour into a bottle. Addison declared, the ketchup has a shelf life of 2 to 3 years.

In 1837, the first ketchup condiment was produced and distributed for the public by Jonas Yerkes.

38 years later (1875), in Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania, Henry Heinz with his brother (John Heinz), and cousin (Frederick Heinz) started a company together to produce and sell ketchup to the mass public, known as “Heinz Tomato Ketchup”.

There has been slight controversy regarding the pronunciation and spelling of “ketchup” and “catsup”. Both are correct to identify the condiment.

What’s the difference? It all comes down to the US Government’s Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Omnibus Regulation Acts of 1980 and 1981. The regulations, under the Office of Management and Budget that allowed certain food items not explicitly listed to meet nutritional requirements.

One of these was the standard approval for the tomato ingredient in “ketchup” to be declared a vegetable in school lunches. Basically, 1 Tablespoon of tomato paste could be credited as 1/4 cup single-strength tomato juice. Hence, ketchup as a condiment, whose main ingredient is tomato would be equivalent to a serving of vegetable and approved for school lunches.

So, for the sake of USDA Government regulations for school lunches, the condiment:

  • “ketchup” is a tomato ingredient, declared a stand-in as an actual vegetable
  • “catsup” is tomato ingredient, considered a fruit and not a nutritional standard for school lunches

This legislation is food politics in writing for what is considered nutritional value for school lunches… actually it’s nothing more than what is known as political posturing.

bacon-cheddar burger with homemade ketchup; fries with homemade ketchup; salad with lettuce, shredded cheddar and creamy poppyseed dressing

.In honor to my Latin/Spanish heritage, flamenco music and of course, my love for ketchup:

The Ketchup Song, also known as “Aserejé”, sung in Spanglish

One thing I have to say… this song is loosely based from the 1979 Sugarhill Gang “Rapper’s Delight” song. Anyone from NYC who grew up in that era with the sounds of this first wave of commercialized rap music, was familiar with this song.

Rapper’s Delight actual lyrics:

I said a hip hop,
the hippie, the hippie to the hip hip hoppa
ya don’t stop rockin’ to the bang bang boogie
said up jumps the boogie to the rhythm of the boogie the beat


the ketchup song and beat sounds with an international flair, in Arabic… I can groove to it.

84. chicharron de pollo (chicken crackling)


Chicharron is basically pork or chicken skin crackling. Another word for crackling is rind, such as pork rind. Chicharron in Spanish, describes pieces of meat (mainly the skin) cut into bite size pieces, and deep fried to a golden crisp or crunchy texture.  It can be eaten as a snack, side dish or as an entree.

The chicharron de pollo are small pieces of chicken, marinated for a couple of hours in a citrus marinade, then coated with flour and fried. My version has influences from Puerto Rican that is marinated in rum, lemon and garlic. I add minced onion to the marination for added flavor. If non-alcohol is preferred, white vinegar can be substituted for the rum.

The chicken marinades for a maximum of 2 to 3 hours. Due to the large amount of lime added to the marinade, to brine for more than 3 hours will “pickle” or “cook” the meat, similar to a ceviche. Therefore, the chicken should only marinade for up to 3 hours. I usually start the flouring process after 2 to 2 1/2 hours after marination.

The flour is typically seasoned with dry adobo and paprika. I keep it simple by only adding salt and pepper, since I carry out the flavors by coating the chicken with salt, black pepper, dried oregano and ground cumin. I would season the flour with these 4 ingredients, but opted to directly season the meat. In addition, the egg wash has the lime-rum marinade added to boost its flavor.

In the video, I mistakenly forgotten to set aside 2 Tablespoon of the citrus marinade for my egg wash, prior to adding to the chicken. The marinade from the chicken does not worry me regarding any negative bacteria affecting the food, since everything is fully cooked in very hot oil. It would be the same as cooking or roasting the chicken in its marinade together in a pot or oven.

Chicharron de pollo can be eaten as a snack or appetizer by cutting the chicken small, about  2 to 3 bite worth. It can be eaten as a side dish accompaniment or main entree by cutting the chicken into larger chunks. Even though, chicharron mean fried skin, I prefer skinless chicken and opted to remove the skin. The chicken skin itself, marinated in the garlic-lime marinade and fried in oil is a type of chicharron known as cuerito.


homemade rum-lime chicharron de pollo


Nutrition wise, chicharron de pollo is high in fat and sodium. Yet, it is low in carbohydrate, and very high in protein. I would rather eat portioned size of these chicken nuggets as a snack food than a bag of potato chips, that has the same amount of fat, but hardly any protein and very high in carbs. In addition, chicharron de pollo is a great alternative for those who do not eat pork.


homecooked meal: chicharron de pollo served with moro, and buttered corn

83. Pernil (authentic Puerto Rican style)


I decided to go “old school” and prepare a roast pork known as pernil (made with pork shoulder or picnic pork), the old fashion way, in honor to my maternal side Puerto Rican heritage. It brings back memories of my festive childhood, my mom (whom passed away in 2013), and the taste of the traditional holiday food, Boricua style.

The basic flavoring ingredients to season an authentic Puerto Rican pernil are:

  • adobo wet rub
  • lime juice
  • adobo seasoning

This is it, 3 ingredients. simple and straight to the point with no fuss. The adobo wet rub and dry seasoning provides the flavor. The lime juice helps tenderize the meat to make it succulent and juicy. Red wine or vinegar can be use instead of lime juice.

The pork shoulder is rinsed with cold water, pat dry and randomly pierced with deep cuts, and filled with the wet adobo seasoning. It is refrigerated for 2 to 3 days, to allow the marination to absorb into the meat. The longer it marinades, the better the pernil taste. When removed from refrigeration, I allow it to sit at room temperature for 15 minutes to help relax the meat, before roasting in the oven.

The pernil is placed on top of a rack inside the roasting pan and positioned with skin side down. The roasting pan is filled with 4 to 6 cups of water to allow the steam to cook the meat to a tender texture, and not dry out. It is covered with aluminum foil and roasted in a preheated 450 degrees oven for 90 minutes. For this video, I had to roast the pernil without the v-rack, since one of my dear friends borrowed mine and did not return it in time.

After 90 minutes, the aluminum foil is removed, and the oven temperature is reduced to 350 degrees. Move the meat to prevent the skin side down from getting stuck to the pan. Continue roasting for another 2 1/2 to 3 hours. Although I did not mention it in the video, do flip the pernil, every 1 hour or so. This also helps the skin not to stick to the pan.

2 1/2 to 3 hours later, the pernil is turned to skin side up, and will continue to roast for another 1 hour. After it has roasted for 1 hour, the oven temperature is increased to 500 degrees and cook for another 15 to 30 mins. Timing will vary. This extremely high oven temperature allows the skin to become very crispy, known as chicharron. Tapping the skin with a large metal spoon or tong to hear a hollow sound, will let you know the skin is done to a crisp. The pernil is then removed from the oven and allow to rest for 15 minutes before carving.

Basically, my pernil takes approximately 6 hours to cook in the oven. There are times when I reduce the temperature to lower than 350 degrees (either 300 or 325 degrees) and cook for longer hours. Yet, 350 degrees for 2 1/2 to 3 hours is average time I cook my pernil and will result with a succulent outcome.

A traditional Puerto Rican holiday meal, consist of the following:

A traditional Cuban holiday meal, consist of:

I have linked some of the above with recipes I have made and shared on my SofritoGirl blog.

Leftover pernil taste great for sandwiches. One of my favorites is a grilled cheese sandwich I make for breakfast that consist of:

  • sliced bread (either white or Challah)
  • Swiss cheese
  • pernil
  • mustard
  • dill pickles
  • garlicky mojo sauce

The mojo sauce is made by simmering in a small pot or pan with:

  • finely crushed garlic
  • dried oregano
  • salt
  • olive oil
  • butter

Leftover pernil is great for making Cuban sandwich or medianoche sandwich. The medianoche has the basic same ingredients as a Cuban sandwich, with the only exception, it uses a sweet egg bread, very similar in taste and texture to Challah bread. Personally, I use Challah bread all the time to make a medianoche and prefer to a Cuban sandwich. I also like mine with extra pickles and lots of mojo sauce.

homemade Cuban sandwich: Swiss cheese, smoked ham, pernil, mustard, dill pickles, and mojo sauce on homemade Challah style sweet bread

Hopefully for 2015, I will share my recipe on how to make Puerto Rican style pasteles and Cuban style lechon asado, as well as how to make:

  • alcapurria (meat filled green banana and yautia fritter)
  • croqueta de jamon (ham croquette)
  • yuca con mojo (manioc with garlic sauce)
  • platano maduro and tostones (fried sweet plantain and crispy plantain)

Puerto Rican style pernil

82. Pastelillo de guayaba (guava pastry)



Pastelillo de guayaba is a Cuban style baked, flaky-puffed pastry filled with a firm marmalade fruit pulp known as guava. The pastelillo can also be filled with other type of fruits, such as:

  • pineapple
  • strawberry
  • apple
  • mango
  • coconut

Another variation to making guava pastry is adding soft cheese, preferably cream cheese. This is known as:

  • guava and cheese pastry
  • guava pastry with cheese
  • guava and cheese pastelillo
  • pastelillo (or pastelito) de guayaba con queso
  • Cuban guava and cheese strudel

The cream cheese for the pastry is similar to cheesecake, in flavor and texture. It is sweet and usually made by beating together cream cheese, sugar, vanilla extract with either an egg yolk or small amount of milk.

I prefer my guava and cheese entrée to be plain and simple. I do not add extra sugar, egg or milk to my cream cheese filling, nor do I process it to become extra smooth. I also, do not brush an egg wash, nor simple syrup on top of the pastry sheet before baking to give it a sheen or shiny top crust. Hence, I save a lot of steps, eliminate the extra carbs and calories, while maintaining a delicious outcome. Sprinkling confectioner sugar on the top crust of the baked pastry, is also optional. It simply makes it taste good, as well as, look aesthetically pleasing.

Although, having the same meaning, I prefer to use the spanish word for pastry to identify as follow:

  • “pastelillo” for the sweet filling pastry
  • “pastelito” for the savory filling pastry

This is my personal preference, not the rule of the norm.

The pastelillos can be cut into rectangular, round, square or triangular forms, and varies according to a person’s style in food preparation and presentation.

The baking time will vary based on gas or electric heating source. It is highly recommended not to bake the pastry puff sheets using a convention or toaster oven. It doesn’t provide the expected outcome desired.

You can make 16 or more mini servings instead of the typical 9 servings from the pastry sheet. You will need to cut the guava into small portions, about the size of your thumb, and take the extra step to cut the pastry into small rectangular or square bite size, then press down to seal the edges, before baking.

homemade guava and cheese pastry